The Supreme Court, Trump, Biden and the Election Explained

first_imgJustices Clarence Thomas, Samuel A. Alito Jr., Neil M. Gorsuch and Brett M. Kavanaugh said they would have granted a stay blocking the Pennsylvania Supreme Court’s decision. On the other side were Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. and the court’s three-member liberal wing: Justices Stephen G. Breyer, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.Justice Amy Coney Barrett, who joined the court on Oct. 27, did not take part in the decision not to fast-track the case. A court spokeswoman said Justice Barrett had not participated “because of the need for a prompt resolution” and “because she has not had time to fully review the parties’ filings.” Pennsylvania officials have instructed county election officials to segregate ballots arriving after 8 p.m. on Election Day through 5 p.m. three days later. That would as a practical matter allow a ruling from the Supreme Court to determine whether they were ultimately counted.Justice Alito’s statement in the Pennsylvania case echoed an earlier concurring opinion by Justice Kavanaugh in a voting case from Wisconsin. Justice Kavanaugh also said that state legislatures, rather than state courts, have the last word in setting state election procedures.Taken together, the Oct. 17 deadlock and statements from four justices suggest that Justice Barrett could cast the decisive vote if the Pennsylvania dispute holds the key to the election. Updated Nov. 4, 2020, 12:06 p.m. ET Late last month, the justices refused a plea from Republicans in the state to fast-track a decision on whether the Pennsylvania Supreme Court had acted lawfully.- Advertisement – The U.S. Supreme Court has not hesitated to block orders from federal judges that sought to alter state rules for conducting elections. Rulings from state courts present more difficult questions because the Supreme Court generally defers to them in cases concerning interpretations of state law, while the Constitution empowers state legislatures to set the times, places and manner of congressional elections.In a statement issued when the court refused to speed the Pennsylvania case, Justice Alito, joined by Justices Thomas and Gorsuch, criticized his court’s treatment of the matter, which he said had “needlessly created conditions that could lead to serious postelection problems.”“The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has issued a decree that squarely alters an important statutory provision enacted by the Pennsylvania legislature pursuant to its authority under the Constitution of the United States to make rules governing the conduct of elections for federal office,” he wrote, adding that he regretted that the election would be “conducted under a cloud.”“It would be highly desirable to issue a ruling on the constitutionality of the State Supreme Court’s decision before the election,” Justice Alito wrote. “That question has national importance, and there is a strong likelihood that the State Supreme Court decision violates the federal Constitution.”But there was not enough time, he wrote. Still, Justice Alito left little doubt about where he stood on the question in the case. The court’s refusal to move more quickly came a little more than a week after it deadlocked, 4 to 4, on an emergency application in the case on Oct. 19. – Advertisement –center_img Should the vote in Pennsylvania have the potential to determine the outcome in the Electoral College and should those late-arriving ballots have the potential to swing the state — two big ifs — the U.S. Supreme Court might well intercede.The Pennsylvania Supreme Court has ordered a three-day extension for ballots clearly mailed on or before Election Day and for those with missing or illegible postmarks “unless a preponderance of the evidence demonstrates that it was mailed after Election Day.” WASHINGTON — President Trump promised early Wednesday morning to ask the Supreme Court to intervene in the election. “We’ll be going to the U.S. Supreme Court,” he said. “We want all voting to stop.”The first statement was premature. The second did not make sense.- Advertisement – The Supreme Court decides actual disputes, not abstract propositions, and then only after lower courts have made their own rulings. While there have been countless election cases filed around the nation, it is not clear which of them might reach the court in the coming days.But one candidate is already on the court’s docket. Last month, the court refused to put a case from Pennsylvania on a fast track, but three justices indicated that the court might return to it later if need be.As far as voting is concerned, it stopped on Election Day. But some states allow votes cast by mail on or before Election Day to be counted if they are received up to several days afterward. In Pennsylvania, for instance, the state Supreme Court extended the deadline for receiving ballots from Election Day to three days later. “The provisions of the federal Constitution conferring on state legislatures, not state courts, the authority to make rules governing federal elections would be meaningless,” he wrote, “if a state court could override the rules adopted by the legislature simply by claiming that a state constitutional provision gave the courts the authority to make whatever rules it thought appropriate for the conduct of a fair election.” – Advertisement –last_img read more

UK roundup: Survey points to annual ‘tax drag’ of up to £250m

first_img“This is an important time when DB pension schemes should be looking to take advantage of every revenue stream available to them.”He likened missing out on the additional investment income to an “own goal”, and said pension schemes did not have to change their selected asset manager or investment strategy to switch to tax efficient fund structures for their pooled fund equity investments.Clive Bellows, head of global fund services for EMEA at Northern Trust, said: “Similarly, asset managers that operate or are planning to launch equity-based European funds would do well to consider how the use of a tax transparent fund may benefit their investors.”AMX is an “open architecture” service provider for asset managers, and is backed by Willis Towers Watson. It offers tax transparent equity vehicles on its platform for pension schemes in the UK and other countries120-member scheme buys out with Legal & General The pension scheme for a farmers’ cooperative has secured the benefits of all its 120 members via a £13m buyout with Legal & General Assurance Society.The Superannuation Scheme for the Brandsby Agricultural Trading Association (BATA) was an existing Legal & General Group client, with Legal & General Investment Management having been appointed as its fiduciary manager in 2018.Steven Clarke, chair of the trustees, said: “Crucial to the success of this transaction was the combination of having the governance structure in place to manage and opportunistically de-risk; alongside the ability to monitor live transactable buyout pricing and price lock the portfolio quickly and efficiently.”Julian Hobday, director at Legal & General Retirement Institutional, said the fiduciary management agreement with LGIM had been “very effective in providing excellent communication, a clear journey plan and timely investment actions.” LCP is predicting bulk annuity volumes to amount to between £20bn-£25bn this year, in part due to attractive pricing in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. Passing the £24.2bn mark would make 2020 the second biggest year, after £43.8bn last year.Feeding into the consultancy’s forecast is the view that small scheme transactions will increase by 25% this year as demand surges for streamlined transaction processes.Established in 1894, BATA supplies agricultural and energy products to the rural community.Fintech adds GMP help to DB analytics platform RiskFirst, a Moody’s Analytics company, has integrated Guaranteed Minimum Pension (GMP) capabilities into its defined benefit pension scheme analytics platform to help UK consultants help trustees meet the challenge of equalising GMP benefits, as required by a landmark gender discrimination case.RiskFirst said adding the new GMP feature to the PFaroeDB platform meant UK employee benefit consultants could “access member-level GMP equalisation capabilities within a fully integrated valuation system, alongside a suite of DB pension scheme analytics tools”.In October 2018, the UK’s High Court ruled that Lloyds Bank had discriminated against male members of its three DB schemes by effectively accruing them a lower pension benefit than they were entitled to under the GMP rules.The ruling affects any pension scheme that had contracted out of the UK’s state pension scheme, requiring them to equalise for GMP benefits between men and women.In the immediate wake of the ruling, consultants estimated that UK pension schemes faced a collective bill of around £15bn (€16.9bn) as a result of the ruling, but some companies have lowered their estimates of the cost to legacy pension benefits.The High Court set out a range of methods that could be adopted to correct for the inequalities of GMPs accrued, but said it was up to trustees and employers of each pension scheme to decide what method was most appropriate for their scheme.“GMP equalisation is complex, and needs to be done right”Jonathan Conway, head of customer success at RiskFirstRiskFirst said: “It has taken nearly two years for the industry to agree how to address this complex issue and develop member-level solutions.” .It said it had sought feedback from existing clients of the PFaroeDB solution about various modelling approaches to determine the GMP valuation methodologies that are required to address consultants’ needs.A spokeswoman said it was this, combined with the analytics tools already available via the PFaroeDB platform, that made the new GMP feature noteworthy.Jonathan Conway, head of customer success at RiskFirst, said: “GMP equalisation is complex, and needs to be done right. DB pension schemes across the UK will be reassessing their methodologies and looking for advice on how to navigate this challenge.“This provides PFaroeDB users with an excellent opportunity to consult with their own clients and support them through this change.”RiskFirst was acquired by Moody’s last year.Looking for IPE’s latest magazine? Read the digital edition here. They said that 69% of the surveyed pension schemes using less tax-efficient funds “admitted” they were unaware of the investment income benefits that tax transparent funds had compared with other fund structures, and 82% said that that tax efficient fund structures for equity investments were not included in their scheme’s risk register.  Oliver Jaegemann, CEO of AMX, said: “In the current environment due to the COVID-19 crisis, many pension scheme trustees and their advisors are facing widening funding gaps, scheme sponsors in financial difficulty, and deliberations on re-risking their investment strategies.#*#*Show Fullscreen*#*# UK defined benefit (DB) schemes are losing out on up to £250m (€273m) of additional income per year in their global equity portfolios by not investing via tax transparent funds or insurance policies for their pooled fund investments, according to analysis carried out by Northern Trust and The Asset Management Exchange (AMX).The research was based on a survey of 120 DB plans, with the data then applied to the market (see diagram). According to the survey, 72% of schemes were using fund structures that were tax inefficient, including investment trusts and open-ended investment companies.Northern Trust and AMX calculated that a total of £56bn was invested in less tax-efficient funds by UK schemes in 2019, which had led to lost income of up to £256m for DB pension schemes that year, or nearly £2.5bn over the next decade.In a statement, the organisations said this loss that could be mitigated if the schemes used a tax transparent fund for their pooled equity investments.last_img read more