News BoliviaAmericas Bolivian journalist hounded after accusing boss of sexual harassment to go further News Follow the news on Bolivia BoliviaAmericas Interview with Idón ChiviReporters Without Borders: What has been the outcome of the process of proposing and approving Law 045 against racism and all forms of discrimination? Idón Chivi: After Law 045 was promulgated on 8 October, we carried out nine days of consultations, one in each geographical department, about how it should be regulated. We received 300 verbal and written suggestions, and three complete proposals from the Ombudsman, the Human Rights Network and the Erbol Network.As regards the media, the technical team in charge of drafting the regulations focussed on two points: “the dissemination and endorsement of racist messages” and “the manifest will or intention of disseminating racist ideas.” As technical staff, we can discuss the disciplinary and administrative aspects. But the other aspect, concerning article 23 (merging the relevant criminal code provisions into Law 045), is up to the judiciary, not to us. One of the subjects that we are discussing, for example, is the temporary suspension or definitive withdrawal of licences from radio and TV stations.As our model we have used the laws of Spain, Argentina and other countries that penalize the dissemination of racist ideas. We also have a recommendation from Denis Racicot, the representative in Bolivia of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, which says that media freedom must not be used for discriminatory or racist purposes.- How to you view the current conflict about this law?Let us not forget that to get to this law and its regulation, we have had to go through the events of 11 November 2007 (clashes between students and peasants in Cochabamba), 24 May 2008 [harassment and humiliation of peasants by students in the centre of Sucre) and 11 September 2008 in Pando (massacre of 10 peasants). These painful events showed that certain elite sectors still harbour racist attitudes. Hence the government’s decision to discuss and approve this law.Some news media spend up to 16 hours a day sending messages criticising this law. What’s more, the controversy has proved to be very profitable for media that practice racism, because the government has had to explain the law and respond to certain insinuations, and this has resulted in publicity for these media.It has been interesting for us to note that for the most part the public is not worried about the media’s freedom of expression, because 78 per cent of the suggestions we received during the visits to the departments were about racism in education, the public administration and other matters. Only 22 per cent of the proposals referred to journalism.- What do you think of the protests by journalists and media owners?The journalists are divided, because it is very clear that some of them, ANP members, participated in the discussion about the law’s regulations and many of them submitted very specific proposals. In the case of the media, there is more unity. But it is very clear that the businessmen who own the media are the ones who decide their editorial line. The presenters, especially TV presenters, are just political operatives.- What will happen after Law 045’s regulations are approved?As regards offences of an administrative nature, journalists and news media will have to accept what laid down in the regulations. And as regards criminal offences, it will be up to the prosecutors and the judges to try them. No other outcome will be possible.In the discussions and debate about Law 045, the media reacted in a more corporativist manner than they have to other legislation in the past. We will begin drafting the media law after 8 January. We have just taken the first step. Interview with Ronald Grebe LópezReporters Without Borders: What is your view of the way Law 045 against racism and all forms of discrimination was proposed and approved? Ronald Grebe López: It must be pointed that we, the representatives of the journalistic profession, have been repeatedly sidelined this year from the discussions on various laws that relate directly to our work.No one consulted us during the discussion on the electoral law although election advertising campaigns concern us very closely. As for the law on access to public information, a public hearing was supposed to be held. We had conveyed our observations and comments to the relevant authorities. But then we received no summons and discussion of the bill came to a halt.During the consultations on Law 045, the National Press Association and the Bolivian Confederation of Press Workers were invited to the government palace but only at the last minute and most of the leaders live in the provinces, so it was hard for them to get to the capital at such short notice.A few days later, President Evo Morales publicly announced that this law would be approved without any changes, that is to say, including the controversial articles 16 and 23. I must point out that we were in favour of the law against racism but without these two articles. It could have been a model for all of Latin America. But the law was drafted in a rush. Even the original proposal by the parliamentarian Jorge Medina – whose idea it was – was modified and then abandoned. This is the reason for all the protests by journalists and news media.-Why haven’t you been participating in the recent process of drafting the regulations for Law 045?Right from the outset, the senate (which approved the definitive version) took no account of our proposals. So how could they have listened to us during the process of drafting the regulations, which was conducted directly by the government? It was for this reason that, on the basis of article 11 of the constitution about citizen initiatives, we organized a campaign with the slogan of “One million signatures for freedom of expression.” But we never said we said expected to actually reach 1 million signatures or even 800,000. So far we have gathered 400,000.- Either way, the deadline for drafting the regulations is 8 January.An array of sanctions will clearly be established for journalists and news media. We will read these regulations when they are approved. We will have to analyze them. Then we will emphasize the campaign for freedom of expression and the citizen legislative initiative. And if that does not work, we will turn to international bodies. June 12, 2020 Find out more December 16, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 After controversial anti-racism law, new media legislation in 2011 News News February 1, 2018 Find out more Receive email alerts Help by sharing this information The adoption of the anti-racism law and the controversy about it in the media are to be followed by a new media law next year. Amid the often tense debate in Bolivia about civil liberties, Reporters Without Borders has interviewed Ronald Grebe López, the president of the National Journalists Association (ANP), and Idón Chivi, director-general of decolonization at the Ministry of Cultures.Grebe, a critic of President Evo Morales, condemns the lack of consultation prior to adoption of the anti-racism law, the principle of which he approves. Chivi, a government official, deplores the media’s disproportionate and corporativist reaction to the law. Reporters Without Borders is publishing these interviews as a reminder of the terms of the debate. It intends to use the same approach – presentation of contrasting viewpoints – with the future media law.Bolivia’s intention to introduce legislation regulating the media follows Argentina’s adoption of a law on Audiovisual Communication Services (SCA ) in 2009 and this year’s attempts in Ecuador – currently on hold – to pass a communication law.We do not criticise the principle of such laws. We supported the Argentinian law because of its extensive provisions for pluralism and for combating the concentration of media ownership in a few hands. We expressed more reserves about the Ecuadorean law because, although based partly on the Argentinian law, it aimed to promote “exact, opportune and contextualized news coverage.”While laws are needed to regulate the workings of the media and provide them with a legislative framework, we believe that laws will inevitably threaten freedom of expression if they try to determine the content and relevance of a news report. We hope to pursue this debate with those involved. Editor still unable to return to Bolivia after six months in exile Covid-19 emergency laws spell disaster for press freedom RSF_en Organisation November 18, 2016 Find out more
This week, Reeves shows how to distinguish between poison ivy and Virginia creeper. If you don’t know the difference between these two common vines, watch the show, or don’t touch either one.Theresa Schrum, deputy director of the Georgia Native Plant Society, tells Reeves how to rescue woodland plants before bulldozers reach a building site. She shows how the GNPS worked with one developer to get permission to save plants.If you want to grow your own jack-o’-lanterns, you have to plant pumpkin seeds in June. Reeves shows varieties that grow well in Georgia and offers tips on how to grow them.Finally, he takes a look at lichens and points out that they don’t kill the plants they grow on. He explores several forms of lichens.
According to Sarona, the video showedFernandez running toward Teologia and Lachica following the stabbing. Meanwhile, the Dosano brothers andJoscon were treated at the Don Jose S. Monfort Medical Center for stab wounds./PN Police Staff Sergeant Jose FridayFernandez was a resident of Barotac Nuevo and assigned at the Police SecurityProtection Group in Camp Crame, headquarters of the Philippine National Police. A video of the alleged mauling promptedthe Barotac Nuevo police chief, Major Romel Sarona, to order an investigationalthough the two men who were supposedly mauled did not file a complaint. ILOILO City – A police officer facesinvestigation. He allegedly mauled two suspects in a stabbing case in BarangayIlaya Poblacion, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo on Saturday. Sarona identified the two men asAljohn Teologia, 28, and Archie Lachica, 22, suspects in the stabbing of Dosanobrothers Jannie, 29, and Aurelio, 28, both of Barangay Agcuyawan Calsada,Barotac Nuevo, and the brothers’ friend Robert Joscon, also of BarangayAgcuyawan Calsada. “We are investigating the incident. Wesaw the video taken by an unidentified concerned citizen showing Fernandezhitting the two men,” said Sarona.
By Dr. Rudi WebsterON March 13, 1967, fifty years ago, Sir Frank Worrell passed away. He was loved and admired by cricket enthusiasts around the world and will not be forgotten. In the Caribbean his achievements are constantly extolled in numerous cricket discussions and memorial lectures. This is extremely important. But most of these lectures have taken on too much of an academic slant.Consequently, the practical application of the cricket culture that Worrell developed as well as his principles for cricket development and performance enhancement have been forgotten or lost. This is unfortunate.The skills of ‘literacy’ – knowledge, information gathering and dissemination are very important, but are different from the skills of ‘operacy’ – doing or executing. Both are needed for successful performance. Sadly, the current West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) has consistently neglected both of these things, hence the very poor state of West Indies cricket.In 1960, the WICB abandoned its policy of appointing captains only from European ranks and selected Frank Worrell as its thirteenth captain of the West Indies team.Frank then led the team in Australia and what a series it was! That tour revived cricket down under and although West Indies lost the series approximately half a million people lined the streets of Melbourne to bid farewell to the players and to implore them to ‘come back soon’.This was quite amazing because when the players arrived in Australia hardly any of them had much of a reputation, but by the end of the series they were all stars or superstars.After that series Richie Benaud, Australia’s captain declared, “I don’t think it would be uncharitable to say that Worrell’s turn as captain was long overdue.“Worrell has been a fine cricketer for West Indies for many years but this was the first time he had been given the opportunity of leading his country, and how wonderfully he justified the confidence placed in him. However, it is possible that over the years the part he played in his side’s triumph may fade.“That should not happen because he was the main cementing agent of the successful teamwork of his side. He is a man of stature, not frightened to say what he feels about any particular matter, and prepared to stand by his opinion.“Above all, on this tour, he held to the maxim of not telling the team something that is patently incorrect. There is nothing of the ‘con’ man about Worrell. He pointed out to them (his players) all through the tour that the Australians could be beaten, but only if the side of individuals played as a team … to say that he was right would be to understate the case.”Richie added, “Worrell will quite rightly go down in cricket annals as one of the best captains we have ever seen. His quiet, happy disposition and fine public relations have done much not only for the game of cricket, but also for many who have played with and against him.”When Frank returned to the Caribbean he further improved the team and later joined a select band of captains that won all five Tests in a series. Furthermore, he created a winning culture that Sobers, Lloyd and Richards carried on.Richie Benaud and Frank Worrell admire the eponymous trophy in 1961.What were the personal attributes that made Worrell such a great leader? First, he possessed a high level of integrity, a powerful set of core values, a healthy level of self-confidence and a strong sense of self-acceptance and self-belief.Second, he had extensive knowledge of the game and its history, a sharp understanding of his players, their culture and the things that made them tick. Third, he had wide experience and a tremendous track record; he knew how to control himself and how to stay calm and focused under pressure.Fourth, he had the ability to create harmonious, cooperative and stimulating relationships within the team. Fifth, he had a keen mind, strong analytical abilities, good judgment and the capacity to think simply, clearly and strategically.Sixth, but by no means least, he possessed high levels of motivation and self-discipline, two of the most important factors in performance at the highest levels of sport. And he did his best to imprint some of these qualities into the minds of his players.It is quite rare for leaders to have all of these personal qualities. But successful leaders who have limitations in some of these areas usually appoint people to the leadership team who have the skills to make up for their limitations.Although Worrell had these great personal qualities he knew that he would only be successful if he could use them to get the players to execute his plans and strategies.He had great confidence in his players’ ability but he first had to get them to see the talent that they had within, and then stimulate them to express it effectively to deal with the many challenges they were likely to face on and off the field.Frank was a great ‘man-manager’ and soon accomplished those goals. At the end of the Australian tour, he said. “This is one of the happiest teams I have ever toured with, and the response from every player was tremendous whatever the circumstances or the result of any particular match.”Worrell had a clear vision of what he wanted to achieve for West Indies cricket and how he wanted his team to play the game. When he shared that vision with his players and clarified their roles and responsibilities he created an awareness of purpose and a strong feeling of belonging.The players then brought passion and commitment with them because they believed that they could truly make a difference to the performance of the team. And when Frank directed and focused these energies to the tasks and challenges at hand, a major requirement for success was satisfied.West Indies cricket is in urgent need of revival. The Board, coaches and players should make a point of revisiting the Worrell era to see what they could learn from the past to jumpstart this revival, since human performance is not only influenced by goals or models formulating the future, but also by history and past experiences.