In the Beginning, Hydrogen: Was It Miller Time?

first_imgA press release from University of Colorado says that the spark-discharge experiments of Stanley Miller in the 1950s (see 05/02/2003 entry) might be relevant again.  Why?  Researchers used new models to estimate the amount of hydrogen in the early earth’s atmosphere, and came up with numbers 100 times higher than before.  If hydrogen did not escape as fast as scientists have thought, it might have composed 30 to 40% of the earth’s atmosphere.    After the initial enthusiasm of the Miller experiment, scientists began to realize that the early earth’s atmosphere was not “reducing” (hydrogen rich) and contained more carbon dioxide.  Nitrogen and carbon dioxide do not produce the amino acids and other building blocks of life in Miller-type experiments.  But if the model of these scientists is correct, hydrogen might have stayed around long enough to contribute organic molecules to the early oceans.  This would mean the old primordial soup icon may be back in business.  In Science Express, their abstract states, “The organic soup in the oceans and ponds on the early Earth would have been a more favorable place for the origin of life than previously thought.”  (Emphasis added.)Give them a universe filled with organic soup.  Concentrate it and stir it and feed it lots of energy.  It won’t help.  Life will not crawl out.  To convince yourself once and for all, read our online book that climaxes in chapter 7 with the calculation for getting just one simple, usable protein molecule by chance under ideal conditions, even with incredibly generous concessions to make it easier for chance to succeed.  This is not just one contrived calculation by one individual: the same conclusion has been reached repeatedly, independently, by numerous scientists, including Fred Hoyle and even Carl Sagan.  Those who continue to believe it realize that it is hopeless to expect a primitive cell by chance alone, so they jump to the next fallacy by inserting natural selection where it doesn’t belong: i.e., before a complex, self-replicating system existed (see ch. 5).    Everyone in the field knows how improbable it is to get a protein, RNA or DNA molecule by chance, yet they continue to hope against hope that simple molecules might have gotten organized into self-replicating machines if just the ingredients were present.  Phillip Johnson once pointed out how the believers in chemical evolution always focus on getting the right chemicals, but have no idea about where the information came from.  Without recognizing the vital necessity of information in the origin of life, this meager attempt to breathe hydrogen gas into the Miller myth is too little, too late.  Materialists need to get off their chemical soup diet and learn to handle the meat of information theory.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

5 Transformative Technologies I Would Make Reality If I Won The Powerball Jackpot

first_imgWhat it isThe Project Loon is a Google experiment started June 2013 with a single goal: to provide Internet coverage to a small pilot group using high-flying helium-filled balloons. According to the Project Loon website:Project Loon balloons float in the stratosphere, twice as high as airplanes and the weather. They are carried around the Earth by winds and they can be steered by rising or descending to an altitude with winds moving in the desired direction. People connect to the balloon network using a special Internet antenna attached to their building. The signal bounces from balloon to balloon, then to the global Internet back on Earth.Where it stands The test program launched 30 balloons from New Zealand. The balloons are now making their way over Fresno, California to see if the city’s radio interference might interfere with Project Loon’s transmissions. Why I’d put money into this It’s one of Google’s strangest projects ever, but that doesn’t mean it’s not worth pursuing. Although Google could send dozens, even hundreds, of these into the air, buildings have to be equipped to connect to them. Judging by the company’s Google Fiber initiative, only select locations will be brought into the fold. With my lottery winnings, more could be brought online in the areas that need it most. Mobile Batteries Related Posts What it is NUI (or NI) refers to Human-Machine Interfaces that are almost invisible to the user, conforming to a person’s natural behavior. A common example is using mid-air physical gestures to scroll, close windows or switch between computer applications.Where it stands Microsoft’s Kinect motion-sensor put natural interfaces on the public’s radar. And now a new, hyped item is attempting to follow in its footsteps: the Leap Motion Controller. The accessory, which launched a couple of weeks ago, attempts to liberate hands from the mouse drudgery of computer use. Leap Motion succeeded in gaining some buzz, thanks to its tiny footprint, $80 price tag and science fiction-like features. Ever see Tom Cruise manipulating screens with his hands in the movie Minority Report? Yeah, it’s kind of like that. Why I’d put money into this Three words: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. If it’s possible to vanquish this annoyingly painful facet of modern life and feel like a wizard casting spells in the process then it is humanity’s duty to pursue this.Unfortunately, in my own testing of the Leap Motion Controller, the device is a bit buggy and limited. Right now, it works better for games than productivity. But that’s not to say it isn’t on the right track. There’s an undeniable cool factor in commanding a computer with a wave of the hand. With further development, this or another device could have the chops to captivate the masses and change the face of computing. 3D Printing What it is A process that uses a single hardware unit to “print” or create a physical 3D object on demand by layering on material, typically plastic, until the item has formed.Where it stands 3D printing already appeals to artists, architects, inventors and other creatives who need an easy method of prototyping or modeling. Companies like MakerBot and 3D Systems want mainstream users and they’re going after them by broadening availability and focusing on ease of use. But price remains an obstacle. The best bet for the industry may be Pirate3D’s Buccaneer, an attractive, compact printer that started at less than $400 on crowdfunding site Kickstarter. Why I’d put money into thisThe reach of 3D printers extend to many different areas. There’s the obvious: success in retail popularity would cause less overall demand for the cheap, imported trinkets manufactured overseas. 3D printing could support a diverse range of other applications including medicine and fashion. Even food, if you are into that Star Trek kind of thing.The industry must continue developing. On the consumer front, lower prices will make 3D printers more attractive and improvements in quality, speed and safety will further the cause. All of that takes money. MakerBot cashed in for $403 million when it was acquired by Stratasys, but others could use a helping hand.Project Loon 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout What it is A wacky pneumatic transportation system conceived by Tesla co-founder and SpaceX founder Elon Musk. His loose lips tipped that he was working on a solar-powered approach to travel that could transport people between San Francisco and Los Angeles within 30 minutes.Where it stands Of course, Musk is so rich. His net worth is $7.7 billion and just went up $570 million with a strong quarter from Tesla. He doesn’t need my money. Then again, his hands may be full. Changing the future of cars with Tesla and extra-planetary exploration with SpaceX is hard work. Musk may wind up open-sourcing the Hyperloop instead of building it himself. At least that way others would be able to take a go at it. It looks like Musk is willing to unveil his preliminary Hyperloop plans on August 12, as promised, he just won’t be the one pushing it forward. Why I’d put money into this This scheme is so crazy, it just might work. The idea of an alternative mode of travel that’s fueled by solar energy and super-fast sounds mad, but Musk’s guarded-yet-clear enthusiasm gives it some cred. Presumably we’ll know Monday whether or not there’s any merit to it, but if there is, Hyperloop could one day become a role model for other efficient transit and transportation systems.Of course, it would take more than my measly $448 million investment, but at least that would bring in some brilliant environmental and engineering minds to act as the architects of this project. And if that only keeps it from falling by the wayside for now, that might be just fine. This has “intriguing” written all over it.If you had the resources to back any initiative or innovations you wanted, which ones would you take on? Let us know in the comments below. Feature image courtesy of Flickr user Nick Ares. Minority Report image screencapped from YouTube, courtesy of user rainm2000. Balloon image courtesy of Project Loon. Phone battery image courtesy of Flickr user Martin Ableggen. Transportation image screencapped from YouTube, courtesy of user The Young Turks Cenk Uygur.  12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… adriana lee The latest Powerball lottery winners just scored a collective $448 million dollars in one fell swoop. For the average American, that’s an incredible load of money to ponder and that’s just what I find myself doing—fantasizing about where I’d put that windfall.One thing I know is that it wouldn’t be on a personal jet or a $15 million smartphone. I would invest in technology that would enrich our lives. Maybe $448 million wouldn’t cover it, but hey, I could give the transformative ideas a swift kick in the pants on the road to becoming transformative technologies.Here are five ideas that are frustratingly close to reality. Natural User Interface (NUI/NI)s What it is A vexing problem, that’s what. The battery life of our mobiles takes a beating thanks to cloud services, streaming, gaming and other power-hungry activities. Although innovations in processor chips and power management software help reduce the load, that can only go so far. Scientists have been hard at work to improve or re-imagine the battery conundrum, but none of it has reached the consumer level yet.Where it standsSome researchers are looking at ways of improving on today’s lithium-ions, like the University of Maryland, whose silicon beads may boost their capacity. Others hope to usher in new graphene batteries which deliver vast amounts of energy in a smaller, lighter and more stable package. And that’s just the tip of the iceberg. Supercapacitors could speed charging while new microbatteries rethink the fundamental anodes and cathodes to deliver impossibly tiny and powerful mobile energy sources. Why I’d put money into this Over time, our Internet use will only go up, not down, and a major disruption in power cells needs to happen, just to keep pace. Where do I invest my lottery winnings among all this innovative battery tech? Do I pick one and back it heavily or maybe spread a little money to each project to see which sticks?Hyperloop Transporter 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex… Tags:#3d printing#Internet#mobile#transportation last_img read more

Agra-Gwalior passenger train derails near Agra Cantonment

first_imgTwo coaches of the Agra-Gwalior passenger train derailed at Agra Cantonment railway station early on Saturday morning. No injury has been reported yet.Railway officials rushed to the sport but clarified that no one was injured as the train was going to the yard for cleaning. The train traffic was not affected due to the derailment, they added.This comes after series of derailment was reported in last one month resulting in Suresh Prabhu, the-then union minister for Railways, offering to resign and major overhaul in the senior management of the Railway Board.Over 25 people were killed and more than hundred were injured when Utkal express derailed at Khatauli station near Muzaffarnagar in Uttar Pardesh on August 19.Similarly, three trains jumped off the tracks in Uttar Pradesh, New Delhi and Maharashtra on September 7 within a span of nine hours. The first accident occurred at 6:25 a.m. when seven coaches of the Jabalpur-bound Shaktipunj Express went off the tracks near the Obra Dam station in U.P.’s Sonbhadra district. Within hours, at around 11:45 a.m, the Ranchi-Delhi Rajdhani Express derailed near Minto bridge in the national capital, leaving one person injured. These two incidents were followed by the derailment of a goods train in Maharashtra’s Khandala at 3:55 p.m., railway officials said.last_img read more

Goa tourist taxi strike heads into Day 3

first_imgAround 17,000 tourist taxis stayed off the road in Goa for the second consecutive day on Saturday after the State government failed to give operators a concrete assurance on their demand of exempting them from installing speed governors.The Goa tourist taxi operators’ union on Saturday also resolved to extend their strike to Sunday accusing the Bharatiya Janata Party-led coalition government of not making attempts to engage them in a dialogue. A spokesperson of the union said, “We are not going to give up. The strike will continue until the State government agrees to our demands.”Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar has refused to give in to the operators’demand and said installation of speed governors was mandatory under Central law and the State has no say in its implementation. He said the rule was mandated by a Supreme Court-appointed committee on road safety. Mr. Parrikar said that taxis operating without speed governors would be declared unfit after February 24. Mr. Parrikar said, “We gave them six months to implement the law. Now the State government can’t do anything about speed governors.”Mr. Parrikar said, “Why do only taxi operators in Goa have a problem with speed governors, when taxi operators in Bangalore, Mumbai and Delhi do not.”Mr. Parrikar said of the 17,000 taxis in the State, more than 4,000 have already installed the speed governors.The strike has left tourists stranded at transit points in the State, which is witnessing peak tourist arrivals.last_img read more

Compton says absent Abueva dealing with ‘personal matters’

first_imgTrump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “We’ll find out how things are, I really don’t have anything else to comment but that’s all I can share to you,” said Compton.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Team Manila softbelles gain semis MOST READ Aces head coach Alex Compton, though, offered little explanation about his star forward’s absence.“He’s got personal matters to take care of, and that’s all I can comment,” said Compton.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsAbueva is part of the lineup that is set to compete in the Fiba Asia Cup in Lebanon.The Filipinos are set to leave for the continental meet in Beirut on August 6 and Compton is unsure whether Abueva will still play for Alaska until then. Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netCalvin Abueva was noticeably absent in Alaska’s 101-92 loss to Star Friday night in the PBA Governors’ Cup at Ynares Sports Center,The gutsy forward also reportedly hasn’t showed up in Alaska practices late and has skipped the national team training since the resumption last Thursday. ADVERTISEMENT View comments Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games LATEST STORIES National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress DILG, PNP back suspension of classes during SEA Games FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelolast_img read more

India beat Sri Lanka by 39 runs in one-off T20 match

first_imgVirat Kohli’s fine half-century and Irfan Pathan’s opening spell helped India beat Sri Lanka by 39 runs in the one-off Twenty20 International played in Pallekele on Tuesday.Riding on Kohli’s well-crafted 68, the Indians managed to put up a respectable 155 for three. In reply, Sri Lanka were bundled out for 116 in 18 overs, largely due to Pathan (3/27) and career-best effort of four for 19 by Ashok Dinda.Pathan bowled a fine opening spell as he dismissed Tillekaratne Dilshan (0), Upul Tharanga (5) and the dangerous Mahela Jayawardene (26, 5×4) during his first spell of three overs. If Pathan ran through the top-order, Dinda cleaned up the lower order, taking the last three wickets without conceding a run.Aided by condition that helped seamers, Pathan repeatedly swung the ball back into the right handers as he induced Dilshan into playing across the line and getting him castled in the process.Left-hander Tharanga got a ball that swung away from him as he went for a drive only to offer a simple catch to first slip.Jayawardene, who hit Umesh Yadav for four boundaries in an over, got one from Pathan that came back to hit him on the pads. The Lankan skipper wasn’t happy as he felt that the delivery might have been missing the leg-stump.At 35 for three, Lahiru Thirimanne (20) and Angelo Mathews (31) joined hands to add 33 runs before Ravichandran Ashwin dismissed the former who went for an ambitious reverse sweep. At 68 for four, things looked ominous for the islanders.Mathews edged one to Dhoni off Dinda and Jeevan Mendis hit one from Yadav straight to Rahane at covers. At 100 for six, the Lankans could hardly do anything better than wait for the inevitable.advertisementlast_img read more

University of Cumbria, UK offers International Student Scholarships 2014

first_imgUniversity of Cumbria, UK has invited applications from eligible candidates for its International Student Scholarships . Students pursuing an eligible full-time bachelor’s degree, top-up degree or a taught master’s degree (180 credits) at the University can apply for the same.Scholarship details:The candidates selected for the Scholarship will be awarded 50 per cent tuition fee waiver for one year of study. They may also be awarded any of the additional Scholarships of 500 Pounds- 1000 Pounds.Eligibility criteria:International candidates who have received an offer to study at the university and have accepted it are eligible to apply for the scholarship.However, scholarships are not available for students who have applied for NHS-funded courses.For more details and information on eligibility criteria interested candidates can send a mail to the following email id: [email protected] to apply:Interested candidates have to submit their applications through email: [email protected] more details on application process visit the official website: dates:Application deadline: June 6, 2014About University of Cumbria:University of Cumbria is one of Britain’s newest universities. It was formed in 2007 from Cumbria Institute of the Arts, St Martin’s College and the Cumbrian campus of UCLan. The university offers courses in education, healthcare, sports, visual and performing arts, humanities, social science, law and criminology, science, outdoors, forestry and land studies. The university has its campuses in Carlisle, Lancaster and Newton Rigg, Penrith.last_img read more